Baston Coat of Arms

Baston Family Genealogy

Baston family of Hackney, Shoreditch and Whitechapel, London from 1785, originally from Bampton, Oxfordshire


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Adam Baston Anc.
Kealey Baston Anc
Jane Baston
John Baston Desc
Jonathan May Des
Thos Pegrum Des
Sam'l Bissett Des
Jacob Noble desc.
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Baston Coat of Arms

Occupation of Cordwainer, Shoe Maker & Boot Laster.

What Is A Cordwainer And What Is Their Background?

 An Ancient Calling

Cordwainer's ArmsThe term "Cordwainer" is an Anglicization of the French word cordonnier, introduced into our language after the Norman invasion of England in 1066. The word itself is derived from the city of Cordoba, in the south of Spain, a stronghold of the mighty Omeyyad Kalifs until its fall in the 12th century. Moorish Cordoba was celebrated for two staple trades in the early Middle Ages, silver-smithing and the production of cordouan (cordovan) leather, called "cordwain" in England. Originally made from the skin of the Musoli goat, then found in Corsica, Sardinia, and elsewhere, this leather was "tawed" with alum after a method supposedly known only to the Moors. English Crusaders brought home much plunder and loot, including the finest leather the English shoemakers had ever seen. Gradually cordouan, or cordovan leather became the material most in demand for the finest footwear in all of Europe.

Shoe Maker at workThe English term Cordwainer, meaning shoemaker, first appears in 1100. By the late 13th century a distinction grew in England between Cordwainers. proper, called alutari, who used only alum "tawed" cordwain, and another class of shoemakers called basanarii, who employed an inferior "tanned" sheepskin which was prohibited for footwear apart from long boots. Since this period the term cordouan, or cordovan leather, has been applied to several varieties of leather. Today cordovan leather is a "vegetable tanned" horse "shell," and like the Medieval cordwain is used only for the highest quality Shoes.

Since the Middle Ages the title of Cordwainer has been selected by the shoemakers themselves, and used rather loosely; however, generally it always refers to a certain class of shoe and boot- makers. The first English guild of shoemakers who called themselves "Cordwainers" was founded at Oxford in 1131.

"Cordwainers" was also the choice of the London shoemakers, who had organized a guild before 1160, and the Worshipful Company of Cordwainers has likewise used this title since receiving their first Ordinances in 1272.


"Cordwainer" not "Cobbler"

One distinction preserved by Cordwainers since the earliest times is, that a Cordwainer works only with new leather, where a Cobbler works with old. Cobblers have always been repairers, frequently prohibited by law from actually making shoes. Even going so far as to collect worn-out footwear, cut it apart, and remanufacture cheap shoes entirely form salvaged leather, Cobblers have contended with Cordwainers since at least the Middle Ages. In 16th century London the Cordwainer's solved their conflicts with the Cobblers of that city by placing them under the powerful authority of the Cordwainer's guild, thus merging with them. 

Whenever shoemakers have organized, they have shown a clear preference for the title "Cordwainer," conscious of the distinguished history and tradition it conveys. Today's Cordwainer is no exception. The current generation of boot and shoemakers includes a growing number of self-employed tradesmen and women, who having largely adopted early hand-sewn techniques supplemented by only a few simple machines out of economic necessity, continue to practice the traditional skills established centuries ago.

In the face of declining domestic footwear production every year, it can be easily said that the true future of this trade lays in its past, and is being insured by the skilled hands of these modern Cordwainers.


“Boot Laster “

A person who makes a shoemaker's model for shaping or repairing a boot.


Baston style of Shoe

 Arch Shoes “Baston”

 This style of shoe is found for sale until quite recently (2005) at “” a USA shoe specialist

 Baston black Nubuk leather, latex sole -  $189.00” 

Baston Shoe Style Arch BootArch boot Baston, black Nubuk leather has a washable shoe-upper of Nubuk leather and a walking sole of pure Latex. The closure is a zipper in the front over the instep.


 Another style is also available in 3 variations from the same store

Baston Shoe Style 1

Baston Shoe Style 2

Baston Shoe Style 3

Naturalizer  "Baston" $49.00


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  I'm still researching so if you have anything to add or correct then
please email Baston Family Genealogy

Please mention the RIN number attached to a person's name as it is very difficult for me to know for which John, William, Thomas, Edward etc you wish to have more information.

Thank you

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